A presumption against retrospectivity exists and hence one can assume that the IPR Act applies prospectively. This means that the IPR Act only applies to IP created after the commencement of the IPR Act (from 2 August 2010 onwards).
It should be noted that the IPR Act also applies to improvements (so-called foreground IP) on existing IP (so-called background IP) which was publicly financed, resulted from research and development (R&D) and created after 2 August 2010. In this case only the improvements will fall within the IPR Act.
To assist our researchers, we refer you to the helpful guide SARIMA prepared the IP Wise Manual
to provide an overview of Intellectual Property as well as your rights and obligations in terms of the IPR Act.